How Much Do You Know About Dental Decay and Fillings?


Understanding cavities starts with a basic knowledge of tooth anatomy. Teeth consist of several layers. The outer covering of the tooth is made up of material called enamel, and it’s the hardest substance in the human body. Under the gum line, cementum covers each tooth’s root. Beneath this lies dentin, which contains nerve endings. The deepest layer is called the pulp, and it contains the tooth’s vascular structure and nerve center. After teeth are fully developed, the pulp’s only purpose it to alert us when it is damaged. It does this through transmitting pain.

What Causes Tooth Decay?
Food can easily become trapped in the pits and grooves of a tooth’s biting surfaces, and plaque left behind can start to cause tooth decay. The damage soon spreads from their thin surface to the tooth’s underlying dentin. The second way a cavity attacks is from a smoother surface between teeth or on the front and back. The affected area is usually wide and comes to a point at the entrance to deeper layers of the tooth.

Finding and Treating Cavities
Hands-on visual exams and use of an explorer probe can help your dentist locate areas of decay. X-ray examinations, especially bitewing x-rays, reveal tooth decay wedged between teeth and under the gum line. When these methods don’t reveal enough information, your dentist may use a disclosing solution to test suspicious areas. If a cavity extends into the dentin, treatment is necessary. The two-part goal of cavity treatment includes removing decay and replacing it with a filling material. After injecting a local anesthetic, the dentist uses a high-speed dental drill to remove all decayed portions of the tooth and prepare it for a filling. A liner is often inserted into the tooth to reduce sensitivity. Base cements may be added to deeper fillings for temperature insulation. The filling is usually made from amalgam, resin, porcelain, or gold. Fillings are layered on top of the liner to rebuild its structure.

Cavity Prevention
Affordable dentists can repair most decayed teeth, but cavity prevention is always preferable. The easiest way to avoid the dental drill is to maintain excellent oral hygiene. Brush at least twice every day, and floss once daily. Avoid or limit sugary snacks and drinks, and visit your dentist regularly.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Florida, call Advanced Dental Care of Florida today at (855) 979-3334 or make an appointment.

Advanced Dental Care offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Florida. With 21 affiliated practices throughout Florida, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Advanced Dental Care of Florida, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Advanced Dental Care of Florida.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
We have been coming to this office for nearly a year and never been disappointed with service. They take the time to assist you when you have a question and have a genuine concern for you. The staff […]
Johanna W.
Great staff and the doctors that have worked on me are all amazing and caring and truly helped me feel comfortable from start to finish
Tom M.
It was my first time going here and it was wonderful! Staff was very nice and friendly. Got my teeth checked and easily made another appointment for the next day to get my teeth cleaned.
Everyone here is nice and professional – from the office staff to the techs, (especially Victoria) to the Dentist. I am very happy I was referred to this office. Dr. Torras is very patient and […]
Leesa A.
Miguel is excellent and deserves my praise.
Jane K.
What a wonderful experience we had took awsome care of my son and made him feel so comfortable and safe. They were very friendly and kind and very understanding.we will defiantly be back. Travis and […]
Ed C.
Ashley, and the rest of the crew, really – BEST EVER!!
John P.
the staff treated me like a valued patient. Very friendly, courteous, the hygienist was meticulous in cleaning my teeth and did it in a manner in which I was very comfortable. I will certainly be […]
David T.
The staff and Dr Chen stayed open just so they could take care of my daughter. Chloe really made this appointment possible! They were very patient and kind to her. They went out of their way to help […]
Shannon F.
I have not felt the warmth and the tenderness I experience with the the staff here. I was so please when assistant Danielle. And chasity looked into mouth and knew exactly what I wanted my smile to […]
Luzina P.
Everyone there, including Dr. P., seems very skillful and knowledgeable. They are also interested in my needs and opinions.
Anita B.
good service
Lee H.
Friendly and helpful staff. Honest and up front. Work with patients. Don’t leave waiting an hour after appt. Keep to schedule.
Logan A.
The friendly and experienced doctors and staff
Curtis H.
The staff is friendly and the dental hygienist was skilled and very professional.
Lorilee B.
Your office has taken good care of me and my teeth for many years.
Bob B.
From the moment I walked in the door, I was treated with kindness. The staff calmed my fears and made sure that I was comfortable at all times. They were honest about what needed to be done and what […]
Kathleen J.
Very friendly staff
Yeun-ho D.
Had a great experience at Advanced Dental Care of Citrus Park, doctor and staffs were very friendly and informative about my concerns.
Matthew B.
Great service. Everyone is very nice.
Evelyn C.
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