Tooth Substance and Form


You’re aware that you use your teeth every day for chewing, and you may even know how important they are to your speech, but how much do you know about your tooth’s anatomy? Here is a quick primer.

  • Enamel is the hardest substance in the human body, and it covers the outer surface of your teeth. It is made mostly of an extremely hard mineral called calcium phosphate.
  • Dentin makes up the layer just below your tooth’s enamel. It consists of living cells that secrete a mineral substance.
  • Pulp is the soft, inner part of each tooth that contains its blood supply and nerves.
  • Cementum is made from connective tissue that binds the roots of your teeth to your gum tissue and jaw.
  • Your periodontal ligament holds your teeth firmly against your jaw.
  • The crown is the visible part of your tooth that you see inside your mouth. Your tooth root reaches below the gum line and into your jaw.

The Types of Teeth

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • The eight incisors are the middle teeth located on the upper and lower jaw—four on each.
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canines.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Your Teeth Healthy with Proper Dental Care

An affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, but even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you notice signs of a problem such as bleeding gums or visible discoloration of a tooth, see your dentist immediately.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Florida, call Advanced Dental Care of Florida today at (855) 979-3334 or make an appointment.

Advanced Dental Care offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Florida. With 21 affiliated practices throughout Florida, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Advanced Dental Care of Florida, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Advanced Dental Care of Florida.

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Everything exceeded My expectations
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The staff is friendly and the dental hygienist was skilled and very professional.
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Amazing dentist with an incredible staff. They are happy to answer any questions you have and explain in detail what they are going to do. Dr. Shaikh is one of a kind!
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Dr Chan and Chreish treated me and are extremely professional and have saved me money by not doing procedures that are not necessary. In recent years I have been to different dentist do to my […]
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I have been going to Advanced Dental Care for over 20 years. That alone should show my faith in the practice. I travel quite a distance every 4 months to stay with them, and wouldn’t have it any […]
Diana C.
Love the attention to great service and the doctor.
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Wonderful staff of dentists and assistants. Very professional and caring staff. I would recommend this Office to all of my family and friends.
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They are extremely caring and helpful, very thorough, professional, and knowledgeable.
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Great service, great care!
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Y’all were fantastic! Got me in quick for an emergency and treated me with respect even though I didn’t have any insurance. I had not been there in years and you still got me in within just a few […]
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They were very friendly and explained everything to me.
Carol F.
The entire staff was friendly and efficient. They explained what they would be doing before starting and they explained what it all meant. The new patient exam was valuable.
Anne B.
What does Hurricane Irma and Advanced Dental Care of Citrus Park have in common? They were both involved with the extreme tooth pain I’ve been having for the past few days. My regular dentist […]
Right on time, sweet and friendly staff and the most important a wonderful dentist on board
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Best Dentist…Josie and Dr Colon and the x-ray girl were awesome!!
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I personally did not like going to a dentist until I met Dr Corona, his son Vincent and the staff. Travis makes you feel welcome the second you walk in the door and the entire staff is friendly. I […]
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The staff at Advanced Dental got me in with no appointment and are always very helpful & friendly!
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Sweet and kind dentist
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My family and I have been coming to Dr. Eber since we moved to Florida in 1994. The staff is always friendly, kind, and helpful with any insurance or general dental questions. I have had fillings, […]
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